Read more on NT Health website. Do you have questions about sexual health but are worried about a language or cultural barrier?
A sexually transmitted infection STI is an infection you get from someone else during sexual activity. Prevention of catching, or spreading, an STI is critical, as they can result in serious health problems. Knowing the facts empowers you to make up your own mind about your body. Be aware of the infections and what to do if you have unsafe sex or see any possible symptoms.
If you are in any doubt, talk to your doctor or visit your local sexual health clinic as a priority. Read more on NSW Health website.
Sexual health services available in South Australia. Includes clinics, helplines and links to useful resources. Read more on SA Health website. The best way to do this is by having regular sexual health checks from your doctor or a sexual health nurse. Sexual health promotion is a major public health challenge. There is huge potential for health promotion via technology such as the Internet, but it is not known whether interventions are effective.
An interactive computer-based intervention provides information, and also offers personalised feedback. We included trials of computer-based interventions delivered to people of any age, gender, sexual orientation, ethnicity or nationality.
The review evaluated 15 RCTs involving participants. Results showed that computer-based interventions have a moderate effect in improving people's knowledge about sexual health in comparison to minimal interventions such as usual practice' or a leaflet. We also found a small effect on safer sex self-efficacy a person's belief in their capacity to carry out a specific action , a small effect on safer-sex intentions, and also an effect on sexual behaviour such as condom use for sexual intercourse.
We found that computer-based interventions seem better than face-to-face interventions at improving sexual health knowledge, but there were insufficient data to analyse other outcomes.
No studies measured potential harms apart from reporting any deterioration in outcomes. Interactive computer-based interventions for sexual health promotion are feasible in a variety of settings. They are effective tools for learning about sexual health, and they also improve self-efficacy, intention and sexual behaviour, but more research is needed to establish whether computer-based interventions can change outcomes such as sexually transmitted infections and pregnancy, to understand how interventions might work, and to assess whether they are cost-effective.
Read more on Cochrane Australasian Centre website. NSW Health delivers a range of programs to reduce the harm and impact of child abuse and neglect, sexual assault and domestic violence. Gender and sexuality can be confronting and challenging for young people. Get resources to help young people.
The aims of this model are: Are sexual counselling interventions helpful in reducing sexual problems for people with heart disease and their partners? Blue Knot Foundation presents the ways childhood trauma and abuse affects individuals and communities in terms of cost, health issues and daily functioning.
Read more on Blue Knot Foundation website. Antiretroviral drugs can prevent transmission of HIV from an infected sexual partner to an uninfected one, by suppressing viral replication. We found one randomised controlled trial and nine observational studies that examined this question.
We found that there is strong evidence from the randomised controlled trial that in this group HIV was less likely to be transmitted to uninfected partners from treated infected partners than from untreated infected partners. Women's Health Victoria, an independent health promotion agency working through a clearinghouse to provide health information, advocacy and capacity building.
Read more on Women's Health Victoria website. The health and welfare of Australias Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples is the eighth in a series of reports that provide a comprehensive statistical picture of a range of topics considered important for improving the health and wellbeing of Indigenous people.
The report presents up-to-date statistics, as well as trend information. It examines differences between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians, as well as differences by factors such as age, sex and, in particular remoteness. Healthdirect Australia is not responsible for the content and advertising on the external website you are now entering.
This is required Error: Sexual health and STIs Affection, love and sex are important aspects of life. Home Silver book Contact tracing. Silver book Search silver book General principles Back. Contact A person who has had sex with, shared injecting equipment with, or has had some other high-risk exposure to the index case. Sexual contact Contact may be oral, vaginal, anal or some other form of sexual contact e.
Index case The original person identified with an infection. Contact tracing or partner notification Contact tracing or partner notification is the process of identifying relevant contacts of a person identified with an infectious disease so they can be informed about their exposure and be offered physical examination, investigations and treatment. Health care providers have a professional responsibility for ensuring that reasonable efforts are made to identify relevant contacts so they can be informed about their exposure and be offered physical examination, investigations and treatment.
Health care providers should respect the human rights and dignity of the index case and the identified contacts. All aspects of contact tracing must are confidential, including written and database records. The anonymity of the index case must be protected unless written permission has been given to release this information to contacts. Contact tracing should be voluntary and without coercion.
Specialist advice about, and assistance to undertake, contact tracing may be sought from the local Population Health Unit Healthy WA. When taking history to identify contacts: Offer assistance in contact tracing if appropriate. Choosing a method for contact tracing.
There are different methods by which contacts can be informed by the index case themselves or a health care provider: In person Mobile or home telephone SMS Social Media Email Letter Referral to a specialist agency Online resources available to support both patients and health care providers to undertake partner notification include: Approaches to contact tracing by health professionals Approaches by phone Advantages: Quick and low cost.
Opportunity to provide immediate information to the contact and allay their anxiety. Confidential provided that the source of the call is only revealed to the contact. Not practical for the hearing impaired. Approaches by letter Advantages: Confidentiality can be assured if registered mail is used Cost effective Disadvantages: May create anxiety, especially if read when services are closed.
Inappropriate for disclosing details. Difficult for people with literacy problems or for the visually impaired. The health care provider should consider the appropriateness of using such a letter. Rationale for empirical treatment: Urgency of contact tracing. Special considerations If the index case is acutely physically ill or emotionally distressed, it may be better to defer the issue until a subsequent consultation, provided that the index case can be relied upon to return.
For many index cases, the issue of notifying contacts will have a high priority and the provider should assist them to deal with the issue immediately. For common, readily treatable bacterial infections e. Contact tracing of index cases with penicillin-resistant gonorrhoea is a matter of public health urgency to prevent such strains from being transmitted locally and becoming established in WA. Infectious diseases legislation places control of communicable diseases under the management of PHUs.
However, this is a last resort, when counselling by the primary health care provider has been unsuccessful in persuading the index case to comply with contact tracing and treatment protocols. Possible reasons and options for addressing them include: Fear of loss of confidentiality: Offer provider referral for greater anonymity. Index case unwilling to inform contacts: Practise role playing perhaps with counsellor assistance. This option is not appropriate for cases of gonorrhoea and infectious syphilis due to their high infectivity and potential to cause serious complications including congenital infection.
Unaware of seriousness of consequences: Provide appropriate education materials and discuss. Little concern for consequences to contacts: Emphasise serious consequences that the index case can relate to, e. Explain that contacts tend to find out eventually; emphasise the risk to the index case of re-infection from untreated contacts and any legal requirements.... 4 Jun Regular STI testing is an important part of your sexual health. isn't for you if you have symptoms or have been told by a partner that they have an STI. Click on the links below to find a clinic in your area and get it done. It is important to keep up to date with the Law in your area to keep yourself safe. Finding local services you can to talk to about sex If you are thinking about having sex with someone, you need to be aware of the risks. Sex . of your positive HIV status to sexual partners, and the possible penalties for HIV transmission. The best way to do this is by having regular sexual health checks from your doctor or a sexual health nurse. or anal sex; a condom broke or fell off during sex; you or your partner has more than one sexual partner examine your external genital area; take swabs of fluid or discharge on a cotton bud for Finding a clinic.